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HOW TO GROW BEETROOTS FROM SEEDS TO HARVEST IN INDIA.

Posted by Meghana N at

How to grow Beetroots from seeds to harvest in India. End to End guide for Beginners.

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Before we take up how to grow beetroots from its initial stage that is from seeds here is a slight introduction.

Beetroot is a vegetable popularly known for its deep purple roots and can be served as boiled/steamed, raw as well as salad vegetable even the green leaves are used similarly to spinach. They are also medicinal curing illnesses like digestion and blood pressure. Here are few simple steps which will help you grow a healthy plant.

Step 1: Seeds sprouting beetroot end to end beginning guide

Image Source  "BEET ROOT SEED"

When it comes to choosing good quality seeds, make sure you buy the seeds from a trusted supplier and its good practice to go through the reviews and be guided by an experienced person when it can be all about buying seeds online and getting information about growing.

As it comes to planting most common thing which runs in your mind is about climate well you need not have to worry. Beet roots can be grown all over the year if you are specific about color, texture, and quality cool weather would be the best.

Image Source  GERMINATED "BEETROOT SEED"

To speed up germination soak the seeds in warm water for an hour before sowing. It's good you use coco peat based potting mix for sprouting seed which holds the moisture content. Start with a seedling tray/pot. Place the seeds around 1.5 cm deep make sure you space them between as it gets room to grow. cover the seedling tray or pot with a plastic cover for faster germination, for air circulation, make few small hole all over the plastic.

Step 2: Choosing the pot/land and soil for beetroots

If you are planting beetroot in a pot select quite big pot("terracotta") of about 20 inches in depth and 20 inches in width. Choose a pot with a drainage hole, The idea behind a "potwith a hole is if in case you over water their after chances of the plant getting damaged so the over water flows downwards. It can be grown in grow bags of the same diameter. Place one plant per pot and if you want to plant it on a land select a place where there are enough sunlight and space for beetroots to grow.

 

Image Source GERMINATED  "BEET ROOT SEEDTRANSPLANTED TO POT

When it comes to soil never get soil which lies around your place and use it for your plant to grow, It's acidic, lacks nutrient content which is not suitable for growing plants. Choose a nutrient soil ("ORGANIC FERTILIZER") with the potting mix ( "DIY POTTING MIX") helps to grow a healthy plant. As you are growing the plant at your home you can even use a skin of vegetables, which you peel off before cooking. It is a natural compost.

Step 3: Watering and taking care till Harvest for beetroot

Water the plant constantly in a proper proportion, it should not overflow which damages the plant. With concern to weather, it takes about 15 days for seedlings to appear.

The seedlings will be about 3-5 cm tall. Then you can transplant it to a bigger pot/land. Choose a place where the plant gets enough sunlight. If you are planting more than one plant sow one plant per pot, If on land space two-foot distance between each plant.

In rainy season water, the plant 5-6 days once as rainwater may flow directly into the plant. In summer water the plant regularly as there are more possibilities of the plant getting dried by using "coco peat" potting mix made up of coconut husk, It holds water that is moisture which prevents dryness for long period. The overall idea is to avoid over-watering and under-watering the plant.

 Step 4: Pests and Harvest

In the process of growth it's obvious a plant gets diseased, The common disease is leaf spot, The best way to avoid is cut off the leaf once seen and root-knot is the swelling of roots caused by worms.

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To prevent diseases then there should be an alternative way other than using chemical pesticides, Petroleum based fertilizers and a lot more, Use Neem Oil " which prevents diseases and helps to grow a nutritious crop.

Neem Oil "

As neem oil is quite concentrated, spray it on the affected parts of the plant twice a day. From the day of sowing the plant must be taken care it might be watering, using fertilizers for healthy growth or avoiding pests. The over all effort made leads in production of healthy organic fruits.

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Two months from sowing the seeds beetroots are ready for harvesting, at this stage they are tender and size is of a medium orange. Say if you have planted the beetroots side by side in the same container or on the land, pick the beetroots and cover the space with soil because it does not affect the nearby plants which in turn gets good space to grow.

Happy gardening !

 

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTION ON HOW TO GROW BEETROOT AT HOME AND BALCONY.

1. HOW TO GERMINATE BEETROOT SEEDS?

1. SHOULD WE SOAK THE "BEETROOT SEEDOVERNIGHT FOR BETTER GERMINATION?

Direct sow is better because it will give the same result even if it is not soaked also. Soaking works for some of the vegetable seeds only.

2. SHOULD WE USE THE SEEDLING TRAY OR DIRECT SOW IS RECOMMENDED FOR BEETROOT SEEDS?

Seeding  tray is a best practice because due to heavy rain sometimes there are chances to lose the seeds. So if it is in the tray we will be able to shift it soon. After reaching 2 to 3 inches in the length then we can transplant into the pot or direct to the land.

3. WHAT IS THE BEST SEASON?

Beetroots are rainy season crop, so it is better to grow in rainy season. In case if you have good water resource you can grow in the winter as well as in the summer season. If you are planning to grow in containers like pots, you can grow in any season.

4. WILL BEETROOT SEEDS GERMINATE IN ALL SEASONS?

Beetroot seeds can germinate in all season, But it will germinate quickly in the rainy season because this plant needs a lot of moisture.

5. HOW MANY DAYS WILL IT TAKE TO GERMINATE? MINIMUM - MAXIMUM

It will take 2 weeks to germinate the sprout. In this time, it requires water and "potting mix" properly to grow as a healthy plant.

6. SHOULD WE COVER THE  "POTWITH THE PLASTIC COVER FOR BETTER GERMINATION?

Beetroots are the cool season crop so no need to cover it with the plastic, It can germinate without covering the plastic.

7. CAN WE KEEP IT INDOOR AFTER SOWING OR WE SHOULD KEEP IT OUTDOOR?

Beetroots may be cool weather crop but it needs at least 2 to 3 hours of sunlight every day. So better to place it outdoor or else we have to place it where it can get  good sunlight.

8. WHICH CONTAINER IS SUITABLE? RECTANGULAR, ROUND?

As we recommended round container is comfortable to grow it. Beetroots requires more space for the root. Rectangular pot of at least 6-inch depth is required.

9. WHAT TEMPERATURE IS REQUIRED?

Beetroot requires nearly 10°C - 23°C temperatures. In this temperature, beetroot will encourage the quick growing.

3. HOW TO WATER BEETROOT PLANTS?

1. DOES IT NEED A LOT OF WATER OR VERY LESS WATER?

In rainy season most all plants does not take more water. it requires less watering to grow.

We suggest watering like Summer: Water 3 days once. Winter: 5 to 6 days once. Rainy: No need in case rainwater, as water flows to the plant directly so 15 days once is fine.This suggestion is with assumption that you have used cocopeat based "potting mix"

 

2. WHAT POTTING MIX TO USE?

1. WILL THE COCO PEAT BASE POTTING MIX BE SUFFICIENT OR DOES IT NEED SOIL ONLY?

No need to invest for any other compost or the fertilizer if you are using our "potting mix", Our potting mix has fertilizer and compost in it. So it makes roots strong and makes plant healthy.

However, beets also survive well in normal soil. We recommend a cocopeat based "potting mix".

 

3. HOW TO WATER BEETROOT PLANTS?

1. DOES IT NEED A LOT OF WATER OR VERY LESS WATER?

In rainy season most all plants does not take more water. it requires less watering to grow.

We suggest watering like

Summer: Water 3 days once.

Winter: 5 to 6 days once.

Rainy: No need in case rainwater directly flowing to the plant. Otherwise 15 days once.

This suggestion is with assumption that you have  used cocopeat based "potting mix"

2. WILL IT SUSTAIN HIGH SUNLIGHT?

No need to worry about sunlight. Because it’s germination and complete growing process under the soil. So it can be sustained from  high sunlight. 

3. DOES IT GROW INDOOR IN A SHADE OR LESS SUN?

Beetroots can grow either indoor or outdoor. Beetroot does not require more sunlight. It needs only 2 to 3 hours sunlight every day, but we have to place where it can get sunlight.

 

4. PESTS?

1. WHAT ARE THE COMMON DISEASES IT GETS? LIKE ROOT DECAY, WHITEFLIES, MANY ARE THERE LIKE THIS?

There are possibilities to get some common diseases. In the case of any diseases, we recommend "neem oil".

Neem oil can fight against the diseases and protects the plants.

Dilute the neem oil in water in the ratio 1:20 and spray on the plants. Spray this before noon or after evening. 

 

5. HARVESTING?

1. HOW MANY DAYS BEETROOTS TAKES TO GROW FROM SEED TO HARVEST STAGE?

Beetroots will take 55 to 75 days to grow from seed to harvest. Till the harvest, we need to care the plant by providing the water, potting mix, and neem oil.

2. HOW TO IDENTIFY IF BEETROOTS ARE READY FOR HARVEST? ( MENTION THE HEIGHT OF PLANT OR FRUIT COLOR )

When the top side of the leaves reaches 6 to 7 inches in the length it ready to harvest. You could see the Beetroot shooting up from the soil. 

3. HOW HARVEST? SHOULD WE REMOVE FROM THE ROOT OR JUST CUT AND IT GROWS AGAIN?

Just remove the beetroot from the pot by using the Gardening trowel. Beetroots cannot generate again from the same plant, we have to sow the seeds again for next harvest.

 

 

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