Tips for Growing Tomatoes
Tomatoes are one of the most commonly used vegetables in our daily food. If you are planning to grow tomatoes in your garden, here are few easy steps to grow tomato plants.
6 easy steps to grow tomato at home
Step 1: Best time to plant seeds
Tomato plants will grow at a normal temperature of 20 to 22 degree Celsius. It will germinate quickly with this normal temperature.
Sowing seeds and seedlings can be done indoor and can be transplanted to a pot or outer garden/nursery.
Step 2: Preparing containers for sowing
- Use the seedling tray for sowing your seeds.
Fill the tray with organic soil.
Make sure the soil to be moist.
- You can add fertilizers to the soil for good results in case of unhealthy soil.
Step 3: Planting tomato seeds
Sow seeds ¼ inch deep into the soil.
You can sow 2 to 3 seeds to the same cell of a container. If one seed does not germinate, you can use the other one.
Cover the seeds with soil and compress it by hand.
Sprinkle the water to make it moist. Do not wet the soil by over watering it.
Once sowing is done, keep your seedling tray indoor in such a way that it should get sunlight at least 4 to 5 hours a day.
Step 4: Germination of tomato seeds
Tomato seeds will start to germinate in about 7 to 8 days.
Care for germinated seeds
- Once they germinate, make sure that they will get enough sunlight and make them warm.Provide them with proper sunlight. It should get 5 to 6 hours of sunlight daily.
- Water whenever you feel soil begins to dry. Keep the soil moist all the time for better germination.
- If your seedling is not germinating properly, add some fertilizers like Potting mix or compost.
Step 5: Transplants your tomato seedlings
After 15 to 20 days, your plants are ready to transplant. Once your seedling reaches 3 to 4 inches height and having 3 to 4 leaves, then you should transplant to some big pots or outdoor garden so as to get large room to grow up, to develop a strong root system.
- Thinning (removing extra seedlings): While transplanting, the roots of healthiest plants may get disturbed. In order to avoid this, cut off the extra seedlings. Use the strongest, healthiest plant from the same cell of the container to transplant.
Transplanting to Pots:
Use big pots to grow tomato plants. Fill pots with organic soil. Transplant each plant to different pots. Be careful while transplanting as it doesn't disturb the roots.
Transplanting to your garden:
You can transplant it to your garden/nursery where the soil is good enough with organic matter.
Care for your tomato plants
Place stakes (support to plants): Make sure the plants get support by placing stakes right after you plant it.
Feed and water your plants often: Water the roots of thetomato plants to avoid developing mildew on the leaves. Add fertilizers to the soil around the plants for better growth.
Pests and diseases: Pests may attack your plants and may affect its growth. The attack might be because of deficiency of nutrients, irregular watering etc. This can be controlled by adding fertilizers and spraying Neem oil.
Step 6: Harvest tomato from plants
Fruit will appear 60 days after transplanting. Check the tomato plants daily once they begin to ripen to ensure peak flavor. Then harvest the fruits.