How to save your plants from Blight and Bacterial Spot?

12 comments / Posted on by Hari Prasad

How to save your plants from Blight and Bacterial Spot?

We come across many common plant diseases every day. Some are difficult to cure but some can be cured easily. We can cure them using the natural substances available at our house. Most of the disease can be cured by using neem oil, baking soda and milk.

Let us know about those plant diseases and their cure.

Blight

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Blight, commonly called as Leaf Blight is one of the common fungal diseases which affects tomatoes and potatoes in most of the seasons. This fungal disease spreads through the pathogens. If you find brown spots on the leaves, it is a clear identification of leaf blight. It mostly affects the plants in moist and cool conditions. So they are common in rainy seasons. It starts from the leaves and spreads to the fruits. Later covers the whole plant and the plant will die.

Plants Affected:

Tomatoes, Potatoes are the most affected ones.

 

Causes of the disease:

This fungal disease is caused by the fungus named oomycete pathogens. This fungus starts to weaken the plant and results in the death of the plant.


Blight Disease symptoms:

1. Complete chlorosis i.e leaves losing the green colored pigment can be seen.

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2. Concentric brown rings can be seen.

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3. The leaf turns yellow, white and then the plant will die.

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4. Lesions are seen on the stems.

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Preventive measures:

1. Always make sure to buy only disease-free seeds and plants for a healthy growth.

2. If you are planting from any cuttings, make sure the mother plant is free from diseases and it is healthy.
3. Prune the plants regularly so that the air circulation can be improved.
4. Sterilize the pruning tools after each use.
5. Remove the affected parts and dispose of them. Do not use them in compost.


Way to cure the disease:


Remedy: 1 Using Milk solution.

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Milk is the best organic fungicide. It is considered to be the best medicine for all the diseases. Using milk solution is the easiest way to cure the disease. Mix milk and water (1:2) and spray to the affected areas.
Repeat the process once in 2 weeks.

Remedy: 2 Compost Tea method

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Fill 1/3 of the bucket with compost and add water to the bucket. Do not disturb it for 3-4 days. After 4 days, stir it well. Pour the mixture into another bucket and using a thin cloth, separate the liquid and solid particles. Dilute the liquid 1:10 with water.
Now use the compost tea directly to the plants. It also acts as organic fungicide.



Bacterial spot:

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Bacterial spot is a highly destructive disease which is very difficult to control. This plant disease affects the plants in warm and moist conditions. It is highly impossible to control if the climatic conditions are favorable. So, there will be no option except removing the plant and burning it. Black spots on stems, leaves or on the fruits are the clear indications of the disease. As this plant disease affects the leaves in most of the cases, it is often referred to as Bacterial leaf spot.

Plants Affected:

(Papaya, Capsicum, Chili, Tomato, Onion, Mango, Potato)

Causes of the disease:

It is caused due to the attack of pathogens on the plants. They weaken the plant and hence the plants will perish.

Bacterial Spot Disease Symptoms:

1. Black dots are seen on the leaves, stems and fruits.

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2. The wilting of the leaves.

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Preventive measures:

1. Prune all disease affected plants.

2. Sterilize all the pruning tools after every use.

3.Make sure there is proper space between the plant in order to have good air circulation.

Way to cure the disease:


Remedy: 1

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The first ever remedy to avoid this bacterial infection is by pruning the leaves from the affected areas and clean the surroundings immediately.
Make sure not to add infected plants to compost, cleaning it is very important else it would affect other plants in future.

Remedy: 2

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Mix milk and water (1:2) and spray to the affected areas.
Repeat the process once in 2 weeks. 

Remedy: 3


Spraying neem oil to the leaves would also be an effective remedy. Mix about 50ml of neem oil with 1 liter of water and spray the mixture to the plants.

 

That's all for the day... Thank you.

12 comments

  • Posted on by Shekar

    I have many plants leaf blast ,IAm using milk but no curief my plants

  • Posted on by Neeru Kaushal

    Thanks for sharing this most informative advice. Do share more such tips from time to time.

  • Posted on by Neelam

    Thanks for very good home remedies .

  • Posted on by Neelam

    Thanks for very good home remedies .

  • Posted on by Neelam

    Thanks for very good home remedies .

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