We come across many types of plants around us. As we discussed in previous blogs, there are plants with an unusual appearance and Carnivorous plants which feed on insects. Today let us discuss about some Succulents.
Succulents are those plants which have thick leaves and stems compared to other plants. These parts are often fleshy and contain water. The word " Succulent" is derived from a Latin word "Sucus" which means juice or Sap storage plants. Most of the Succulent plants are grown in dry lands with the scarcity of water. They grow in places with high temperature and low rainfall. So they store the water required for growth in the fleshy parts. They are capable of retaining water in arid climates and dry soil conditions. Succulent plants have a very attractive and unusual appearance. So they are generally grown as ornamental plants.
These succulents can survive with minimum water. They utilize the water stored in the fleshy part for their growth. These plants are drought resistant plants which can survive for months without water. The common succulent plants which we come across in our day to day life are Aloe Vera, Sansevieria or mother in Law's Tongue and Jade Plant. Let us know about some common Succulents.
Aloe Vera plant belongs to the species of Succulents. It has thick and fleshy leaves with tooth-like projections in the borders. These succulent plants resemble cactus so it may give a scary appearance at first. But no need to get panic, these succulent plants are non-toxic plants. It is an evergreen perennial plant which grows about 80 to 100 cms tall. Aloe Vera is been used for more than 500 years for medicines.
Aloe Vera has antioxidant and anti-bacterial properties. Hence it has its significance in the field of medicine. Aloe vera plants are used for both decorative purposes as well as medicinal purpose. It is the best companion to help you have glowing skin and helps you nourish the dead skin. It used as a natural moisturizer for your body. It is vastly used in preparing medicines and cosmetics.
SANSEVIERIA OR DEVIL'S TONGUE
Sansevieria or Snake plant is one of the best indoor plants to grow. It belongs to the succulents category native to Africa, Madagascar and Southern Asia. This succulent plant is also known as devil's tongue plant or Mother-in-law's tongue plant. Snake plant would be the highest rated plant when it comes to indoor plants. It can stay without water for a longer period of time. In outdoors these succulent plants usually grow up to 8 to 10 feet long. According to Feng shui tradition it is believed as a lucky plant in indoor conditions. It is also known as Mother in law’s tongue. It can even grow in low light conditions and with less water. It has the ability to eliminate bad odor from its surroundings. It is considered to be one of the best air purifying plants by NASA. So it is often grown indoors. There is no need for particular fertilizer to look after it and no special care is needed. It is one of the easy plants to maintain.
It does not acquire much space. So it is the most commonly grown plant at home. It may appear scary at first but is a non-toxic plant. So no need to worry about the health effects on your children and pets.
Jade plant also belongs to the category of Succulents. It is scientifically called as Crassula ovata. Jade is one of the best indoor plants to grow. It is a succulent plant with small pink or white flowers and thick leaves. It is a native plant of South Africa. It is one of the easiest succulent plants that can be grown indoors. It requires minimum care when compared to other plants. As it is a succulent, it does not require more water.
Cactus has about 120 varieties of Succulents. The word Cactus has derived from ancient Greek word "Kaktos" which means spiny plant. These plants have sharp thorns everywhere on the plant. Cactus plants are seen in a wide range of sizes and shapes. This makes the plants attractive. So cactus plants are also often used as ornamental plants. These plants won't have the leaves like other plants. The stem is the only part which cactus plants have and water will be stored inside the stem of cactus. Most of the cactus plants can survive without water for a long time. These plants are widely seen in Canada, Africa, Srilanka and other countries.