Air is a very important component required for a living being to survive. Most of the living things depend on air for their biochemical reactions. Air can be abbreviated as Absolutely Important Resource. It comprises 78% of Nitrogen, 21% of Oxygen and 1% of other gases in the atmosphere. It is the main source for plants to perform photosynthesis by carbon-di-oxide and the main source for animals and human beings to breath oxygen. But after the invention of fueled vehicles, the amount of pollutants in the atmosphere is increasing. This is making the atmospheric air impure and polluted. In order to obtain pure air, we need to stop using the polluting vehicles which is a quite difficult job. But there is another way to obtain pure air, it is by growing air purifying plants.
Yes, you read it right. There are some plants which are capable of purifying the atmospheric air. Here are some of the air purifying plants. These plants are certified as air purifying plants by NASA.
1. Spider Plant or Chlorophytum comosum
2. Rubber Plant or Ficus robusta
Rubber plant or Ficus robusta is one of the easiest houseplants to grow. As it does not require much attention and care, it can be grown easily by those with little experience with plants. Rubber plant can tolerate under-watering than over-watering. It is a species of plant native to East India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, China, Malaysia and Indonesia. It has spread wide to Sri Lanka, the West Indies etc., They improve indoor air quality by purifying the air according to studies conducted by NASA. Their large leaves are capable of absorbing airborne chemicals and makes them harmless. They absorb exhaled carbon dioxide and convert it to breathable oxygen. Rubber plants also eliminate bacteria and mold spores in the air.
Syngonium is one of the best indoor plants to grow. This plant is native to tropical rain forests in southern Mexico, West Indies, Central and Southern America. It is a cute little plant which can be easily grown indoors. Syngonium plants are not just a decorative plant, but also has the ability to cleanse the air around it and act as anti-pollutants. These plants can reduce components of indoor air pollution such as benzene, formaldehyde, toluene, and xylene. They also reduce airborne microbes and increase humidity. Researchers from NASA and have approved this plant as an air purifier. Syngoniums absorb pollutants into their leaves and the toxins go to the root zone where they are transformed into nutrients for the plant. This plant produces water vapors that absorb polluted air to the roots where the plant converts the toxins to plant food.
4. Sansevieria or Mother-in-Law's Tongue
Sansevieria or Snake plant is one of the best indoor plants to grow. It belongs to the succulents category native to Africa, Madagascar and Southern Asia. This succulent plant is also known as devil's tongue plant or Mother-in-law's tongue plant. Snake plant would be the highest rated plant when it comes to indoor plants. It can stay without water for a longer period of time. It can even grow in low light conditions and with less water. There is no need for particular fertilizer to look after it and no special care is needed. It is one of the easy plants to maintain. It is a non-toxic plant and hence does not harm your children and pets. It is considered to be one of the best air purifying plants by NASA. Sansevieria removes at least 107 known air pollutants, including carbon monoxide and nitrogen monoxide, formaldehyde, chloroform, benzene, xylene, trichloroethylene and many others. It also has the ability to eliminate bad odor from its surroundings.