Balsams are annual flowering plants. These flowers are similar to roses or Camellias. Balsam mixes are one of the most popular varieties of balsam. One of interesting fact about the balsam plant is that it’s one of the richest sources for bees. Balsam is not just known as ornamental plant but it is also used as a medicinal plant. It’s also used for a variety of skin problem like rashes and chapped skin
If you have decided to grow the plant from seeds, you have taken right decision. At first buy balsam flower seeds India online or at stores.
Organic balsam seeds can either be started indoor or you can directly sow them in your garden. For indoor we recommend you to start 4 weeks before winter. It requires 60 to 70 days from sowing to produce the flowers so an early start is essential. Balsam prefers partial to full season. In hot areas. It’s very important to shade the plant from afternoon sun. The plants should be spaced around 12-18 inches apart from optical growth. During dry periods, they should be watered 1-2 times per week.
Choosing the Pot/Land and soil
It's up to you to choose different shapes and sized pots. It’s good a container with a drainage hole which prevents damaging the plant in case of over watering. Avoid using soil found near your place as they bloom with a rich potting mix. Check our potting mix, which includes compost and fertilizer contents. In case you want to plant it in your garden patch choose a place where the plant gets quite sufficient space
and sunlight to grow. Till the soil 2-3 times with fertilizer and compost before you sow the seeds an inch deep and 8 inches apart.
Watering and Taking care
Balsam needs moist soil and performs in best shade locations. Water these plants from below to help prevent powdery mildew. The plants will need supplemental watering at least once a week in the dry months, frequent watering is necessary when caring for balsam in containers and hanging baskets. Eliminate any dead or faded once as it will affect the rest. Pull out the bent stems. Make sure the flowers and leaves are not wet as it causes fungal diseases. You can collect the seeds once the flowers dry up for next level of growth. Once these plants are established, they will grow well even without much care and blooming will happen continuously until fall.
Pests and Diseases
Powdery mildew, gray mold (Botrytis), and black spot are three of the most common flower diseases. Most fungal diseases are spread by microscopic structures called "spores" that are transferred on wet foliage. Keep in mind that some varieties particularly annuals are susceptible to frost. Insect or disease problems are uncommon with Balsam plants. In case of these problems, treat early with organic insect repellents or fungicide accordingly.
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