About Hybrid Bitter gourd Seeds
Hey readers as I know you are interested in growing bitter gourds and want a simple step by step guide from its initial stage i.e., seedling to a well grown healthy plant which produces fruits/bitter gourd and yes you are at the right page.
Here is a step by step guide to grow bitter melon at home from its seedling to harvest by using containers or at your garden patch.
Step 1: From Seed to sprouting beginner guide
Start your bitter gourd planting before summer as it is warm season plant say about two weeks. When it comes to choose, Bitter gourd seeds online India make sure you buy the seeds from a trusted supplier and its good practice to go through the reviews and be guided by an experienced person when it can be all about buy Organic bitter gourd seeds online India and getting information about growing.
Select a warm place to sow the seeds where there are enough sunlight and space for the plants to grow, start with a seedling tray later you can transplant it to a bigger container or onto your garden patch.
Place two seeds around if you start with seedling tray else if you directly want to start inland make holes of about 1 inch deep and space 12 inch apart fill in Potting mix /soil and sow two seeds per hole.
During germination water the plant in proper proportion else it may slow down germination. Bitter gourd will take about 8-10 days for the seeds to germinate. Once the seeds in a seedling tray are about 5 inches transplant them to a container or on land.
Step 2: Choosing the pot/land and soil for bitter melon/bitter gourd/ karela
When it comes to choosing pot/container rounded or rectangular is fine, but select a container which has sufficient room for the plant to grow and hold the soil/potting mix, say about 20 inches in depth and 20 inches in width of the container size is better.
Place one plant per container/pot as bitter gourd is a climber/creeping plant you will have to give support with a fence or stick called as a trellis of about 6-8 ft high for the plant to grow. You can even make use of your compound wall for the plant's support by tying the plants stem with threads.
Step 3: Watering and taking care till Harvest for bitter melon/bitter gourd/karela
Regular watering is a must as it is grown in summer make sure the plant doesn’t dry up, water twice a day.
We recommend you to use coco peat potting mix as it holds the moisture content for a long period it works similar to a sponge. If rainfall water every five days depending on the plant. Avoid over-watering and under-watering and don’t let the plant get dried. The plant will start growing of about 3-4 weeks after sprouting keep trimming the tips don’t over trim.
The basic idea behind trimming is it produces flowers and fruits faster and in number. As fruits appear and start growing tie the fruit with the plastic around as bitter gourd plant is a creeper so the fruits hang down there are chances of damage or the fruit may fall before it’s completely grown
Around 3-4 months from the day of sowing Bitter, gourd/Bitter melons/karela will be ready for harvest, Cut off or pluck the fruits when they are about 10-15 cm. It's good you pluck them when they are tender say in green color, over ripe may taste bitterer. Approximately a single healthy plant produces 12-14 fruits or more.
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