How to grow Beetroots from seeds to harvest in India. End to End guide for Beginners.
Before we take up how to grow beetroots from its initial stage that is from seeds here is a slight introduction.
Beetroot is a vegetable popularly known for its deep purple roots and can be served as boiled/steamed, raw as well as salad vegetable even the green leaves are used similarly to spinach. They are also medicinal curing illnesses like digestion and blood pressure. Here are few simple steps which will help you in growing Beetroot plant.
Step 1: Seeds sprouting beetroot end to end beginning guide
When it comes to choosing good quality seeds, make sure you buy the seeds from a trusted supplier and its good practice to go through the reviews and be guided by an experienced person when it can be all about buying seeds online and getting information about growing.
As it comes to planting most common thing which runs in your mind is about climate well you need not have to worry. Beet roots can be grown all over the year if you are specific about color, texture, and quality cool weather would be the best.
To speed up germination soak the seeds in warm water for an hour before sowing. It's good you use coco peat based potting mix for sprouting seed which holds the moisture content. Start with a seedling tray/pot. Place the seeds around 1.5 cm deep make sure you space them between as it gets room to grow. cover the seedling tray or pot with a plastic cover for faster germination, for air circulation, make few small hole all over the plastic.
Step 2: Choosing the pot/land and soil for growing beetroots
If you are planning to grow Beetroot plant in a pot select quite big pot("terracotta") of about 20 inches in depth and 20 inches in width. Choose a pot with a drainage hole, The idea behind a "pot" with a hole is if in case you over water their after chances of the Beetroot plant getting damaged so the over water flows downwards. It can be grown in grow bags of the same diameter. Place one plant per pot and if you want to plant it on a land select a place where there are enough sunlight and space for growing beetroots.
When it comes to soil never get soil which lies around your place and use it for your plant to grow, It's acidic, lacks nutrient content which is not suitable for growing plants. Choose a nutrient soil ("ORGANIC FERTILIZER") with the potting mix ( "DIY POTTING MIX") helps to grow a healthy plant. As you are growing the plant at your home you can even use a skin of vegetables, which you peel off before cooking. It is a natural compost.
Step 3: Watering and taking care till Harvest for beets
Water the plant constantly in a proper proportion, it should not overflow which damages the plant. With concern to weather, it takes about 15 days for seedlings to appear.
The seedlings will be about 3-5 cm tall. Then you can transplant it to a bigger pot/land. Choose a place where the plant gets enough sunlight. If you are planting more than one plant sow one plant per pot, If on land space two-foot distance between each plant.
In rainy season water, the plant 5-6 days once as rainwater may flow directly into the plant. In summer water the plant regularly as there are more possibilities of the plant getting dried by using "coco peat" potting mix made up of coconut husk, It holds water that is moisture which prevents dryness for long period. The overall idea is to avoid over-watering and under-watering the plant.
Step 4: Pests and Harvest
In the process of growth it's obvious a plant gets diseased, The common disease is leaf spot, The best way to avoid is cut off the leaf once seen and root-knot is the swelling of roots caused by worms.
To prevent diseases then there should be an alternative way other than using chemical pesticides, Petroleum based fertilizers and a lot more, Use " Neem Oil " which prevents diseases and helps to grow a nutritious crop.
" Neem Oil "
As neem oil is quite concentrated, spray it on the affected parts of the plant twice a day. From the day of sowing the plant must be taken care it might be watering, using fertilizers for healthy growth or avoiding pests. The over all effort made leads in production of healthy organic fruits.
Two months from sowing the seeds beets are ready for harvesting, at this stage they are tender and size is of a medium orange. Say if you have planted the beetroots side by side in the same container or on the land, pick the beets and cover the space with soil because it does not affect the nearby plants which in turn gets good space to grow.
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