Gardening is a very good hobby one should have. Having a beautiful garden in our house filled with greenery is the best way to keep yourself relaxed and healthy. As you have the plants around the house, you get sufficient amount of fresh air to breath. It not only enhance your health but also beautify your home.
But the plant disease affecting the plants make the gardening hard. Unless you know the way to cure the plants, it becomes difficult to maintain such disease affected plants. So, we have listed some common plant disease and given a brief note about the diseases, their causes and cure.
Root rot is one of the common fungal diseases of potted plants. As the name only says the roots of the plants rot. This may be due to poor drainage. There is less chance for plants grown directly on the ground to get prone to this disease. As these plants have sufficient space around them, the water flows throughout the soil and decreases the chance of roots rotting. But in the case of potted plants, the chances of this disease is comparatively high.
In most of the cases, potted plants are affected by this fungal disease. Prolonged exposure of the roots in water makes the root decay due to lack of oxygen. So the roots start to die and the plant perish.
Cause of the disease:
If the water does not get sufficient space to go out or if the pots do not have a drainage hole for the water to go out, the water starts collecting around the plants and the roots start rotting. It can also happen if you over water the plants. Overwater creates lack of oxygen and the roots rot. Once the root starts rotting, it loses the ability to absorb the nutrients from the soil and hence the plants will perish.
Plant disease symptoms:
Once the roots start to rot, it loses the ability to absorb the vital nutrients from the soil. So the leaves start contracting due to lack of nutrients. This is called Stunting.
2. Wilting of leaves:
As the roots lose the ability to absorb the nutrients, they start to die. Due to lack of nutrients, the leaves lose strength and Wilt.
3. Discolored leaves:
Discolored leaves are the common symptoms of this diseases. The leaves turn yellow and get dried due to excess of moisture to the roots.
As the excess of moisture is the main cause of this disease,
watering the plants only when the soil is dry is the best way to prevent it. Use loose soil with good air circulation facility so that the water does not store at the roots. You get many chemical fungicides in the store. But we do not suggest using the chemicals as they may spoil the health of the soil in the long run.
Way to Cure the disease:
Take out the plant from the affected soil and dispose of the soil. Wash the roots in the running water so that the affect root part gets washed away. Remove the affected roots by trimming them using shears or scissors. Dip the roots in the fungicide solution to remove the traces of rot fungus. It is preferred to use organic fungicides instead of chemical ones.
Making organic fungicide at home:
You can make organic fungicide at home by adding 2 tablespoons of baking soda to 1 liter of water. Re-pot the plants in a healthy potting mix and loose soil which helps in good air circulation. Make sure the pot has good drainage facility for the excess water to go out.
That's all for today. I'll come back soon with some more details.