4 Easy plants to create your flower garden

1 comment / Posted on by Hari Prasad

4 Easy plants to create your flower garden

Having a beautiful flower garden is everyone's dream. Your mood gets refreshed whenever you see those beautiful ones. Everyone love to have a flower garden with colorful flowers but they won't be knowing which are the easiest ones to grow. So, I'm here to help you out in selecting the right variety of flowering plants. Some of the flowers which I mention here are perennial plants and some are annual plants.

 

1. Marigold

a. Plant category: Flower.
b. Germination time: 15 to 20 days.
c. The temperature required: 10 to 15 degrees C.
d. Harvest time: 45 to 60 days from germination.

 

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How to grow marigold plant

Marigold is one of the commonly used flowers in India. It is widely used for decoration purpose as well as for religious worshipping. Its attractive colors make the flower look unique. Marigold plant is one of the easiest flower plants to grow at home. You can grow Marigold flower in pots as well as directly on land. Marigold flower seeds take about 15 to 20 days to germinate. It is a cool weather crop, so it can grow well in 10 to 15 degrees C. It is better to germinate the seeds using a seedling tray so that the seeds can germinate easily without any external disturbances.

Once the saplings grow to a certain height you need to transplant them either to pots or directly to the soil. Make sure to use a nutrient-rich potting mix to grow the plants else the plant won't get sufficient nutrients and hence they perish. I suggest using natural fertilizers as they won't harm the plant in future.

Watering tips

As Marigold is a cool weather crop, it does not require much water. You can water them once in 2 days during summer and 3 days once during winter and rainy season. Do not overwater, else the plant gets affected by the fungal disease and the plants will perish.

Harvesting

The Marigold flowers are ready for harvest after 45 to 60 days from germination. The flowers fully open up and indicate the harvesting stage. You can harvest the flowers by hands or use pruning tools. As the Marigold plants are perennial plants, it can produce the flowers regularly.

 

2. Cosmos

a. Plant category: Flower.
b. Germination time: 10 to 15 days.
c. The temperature required: minimum 21 degrees C.
d. Harvest time: 60 to 70 days from germination.

 

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How to grow Cosmos plant

Cosmos is one of the easiest growing flower plants at home. The colorful flowers of this plant have the ability to catch the attention. It can be grown in any season but grows well in summer. It requires minimum 21 degrees C to grow well. You can germinate the seeds in pots or directly on the land. We suggest germinating the seeds in the seedling tray for effective germination as seedling tray method is the safest method for germination. The seeds will take about 10 to 15 days to germinate. Once the saplings reach 2 to 3 inches height, you can transplant them to the bigger pots or directly to the land. A good potting mix containing essential nutrients is required for the saplings to grow well. I suggest using organic fertilizers in order to keep the plant healthy. As cosmos is a summer plant, it cannot sustain less sunlight. So it is better to grow the plant outdoors.

Watering tips

Cosmos plant consumes more water when compared to other plants. So, it's better to water twice a day or at least once in a day during summer. During winter water the plants once in 2 days and do not water during rainy season unless the plant is not getting the rainwater.

Harvesting

Cosmos flowers can be harvested after 60 to 70 days from germination. The petals of the cosmos flower open up completely indicating that the flower is ready for harvest. You can harvest the flowers with bare hands or use pruning tools. No need to remove the plant, it will produce the flowers again.

 

3. Sunflower

a. Plant category: Flower.
b. Germination time: 10 to 20 days.
c. The temperature required: minimum 20 degrees C.
d. Harvest time: 80 to 120 days from germination.

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How to grow sunflower

As the name itself suggests, it is a summer season plant. But sunflower plant can be grown in any season. The flower has the tendency to turn towards the sun. So it has been named as Sunflower. Summer is the best season to grow Sunflower plant. It requires minimum 20 degrees C to grow well. It can be grown both in pots as well as directly on the ground. We suggest germinating the seeds using a seedling tray and transplant it to the soil once the plant reaches about 2 to 3 inches in height. As the seed coating is thick, the seeds need about 10 to 20 days to germinate. If the weather is cool, you can cover the Sunflower plant using a plastic. Make a couple of holes so that the plants get sufficient air.

While transplanting the saplings to the pots or to the soil, make sure to provide a good potting mix which contains the essential nutrients. I suggest using organic fertilizers in order to keep both the plant and the soil healthy. Sunflower plant requires minimum 6 to 8 hours of sunlight. So make sure to place the plant in ample sunlight. As it is an outdoor plant, you cannot grow it indoors.


Watering tips

In summer: Watering is required once or twice daily.
In winter: Water the plants once in 2 to 3 days.
In Rainy season: Do not water unless the plant is not getting the rainwater.

Harvesting

Sunflowers can be harvested after 80 to 120 days of germination. Once the petals of the sunflower unfold perpendicular to the stem, you can harvest the sunflowers. As it is an annual plant, it will not produce the flowers again.

 

4. Balsam

a. Plant category: Flower.
b. Germination time: 10 to 15 days.
c. The temperature required: minimum 20 to 25 degrees C.
d. Harvest time: 60 to 70 days from germination.

 

 

How to grow balsam plant

Balsam plant is of the common flower plant which can be seen in every household. It is a summer season crop which requires about 20 to 25 degrees C to grow well. The Balsam flower seeds germinate within 10 to 15 days. You can grow balsam in pots or directly on the ground. As I have mentioned about the importance of seedling tray method, I suggest using seedling trays to germinate the seeds. As Balsam plant is a summer crop, it requires minimum 6 to 8 hours of sunlight. So it is better to place the plants outdoors where the plants get sufficient sunlight.

Once the seeds germinate and the saplings grow about 2 to 3 inches height, you can transplant them to a bigger pot or directly to the soil. As soil plays a vital role in the growth of a plant, I suggest using a good potting mix containing the essential nutrients. It is better to use organic fertilizers rather than chemical ones. The chemical ones will no doubt makes the plant give good yield but gradually spoils the fertility of the soil. You can prepare organic fertilizer at home by composting the biodegradable food waste generated at home.

Watering tips

You need to water the plants regularly during summer, once in 2 days during winter and once in 2 days during rainy season if the rainwater is not reaching the plants.

Harvesting

You can harvest the balsam flowers after 60 to 70 days from germination. You can harvest the flowers with hands. As the flower is very delicate, no need of using any tools to harvest. Balsam is a perennial plant. So the plant produces flowers regularly.

1 comment

  • Posted on by Babu bhai khan

    Hi aapse q tha maine jo seeds liye thy woh aa gaye hy unko watering kaisy karo woh chote hy gir jaaty by please help

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