Growing coriander in pots at home
We use Coriander leaves to flavor our food which is a wonderful source of various nutrients, vitamins, and minerals. Addition of fresh coriander leaves makes your food healthy, spicy and gives perfect taste. Grow coriander plants from coriander seeds in your garden. Decorate your food with fresh coriander leaves.
Following are the 4 steps to grow coriander plants in pots or in your garden.
Step 1: Choose the best time to plant
It is a plant that grows best in the sun. But too much of heat during summer will also be negative, so keep the plants positioning to get the shade during the high temperature. They won’t survive in cold weather but it does not like extreme heat either. The best time to start planting is in between the months of March and May.
Step 2: Choose either pot or your garden to plant Coriander seeds
You can either grow it in a pot or in your garden.
If you want to grow in a pot then choose one which is 18 inches wide and at least 10-12 inches deep.
If you want to plant in a garden then choose the best place where you find the organic soil with enriched nutrients.
Each round seed is technically a fruit which contains two seeds as shown in the picture. Each seed will grow as an individual plant.
You can sow whole seed or you can split and sown. If you split and sow seeds, it will increase the germination rate.
Sow seeds 3-4 inches apart and 1/2 inch deep into the soil.
Keep the soil moist by spraying the water until seedlings germinate but do not over water it.
Maintain at least 6-8 inches space between two seeds, otherwise, it may invite pests and diseases due to overcrowding.
Step 3: Germination of coriander seeds
Coriander will start to germinate in about 2 to 3 weeks. It requires plenty of moisture to germinate, so make sure to water them frequently also ensure that they get a good amount of sunlight.
Care for Germinated plants
- Water them frequently so that soil never dries out. But do not over water it.
- Make sure they get good sunlight. In case of high temperature, provide the plants with shade or keep the pots inside.
Step 4: Harvest the Coriander plants
When the plants reach about 6 inches tall, it’s the time to harvest your plants. Usually, it takes 45 to 60 days to harvest. Harvest the leaves and stems from the base of the plants using Pruning Secateurs or by hand.
Use fresh green leaves in your food. Avoid older or yellow colored leaves which may taste bitter.
Also note, not to harvest more than one-third of the plants as it may weaken the plants.
Once you have done with the harvesting of leaves, the plants will continue to grow for two to three more cycles.
Keep harvesting the fresh leaves.
Decide whether to leave the plants to flower or not
Your plants may start to flower (Bolting) sooner or later. At this point, the plants will stop to produce fresh leaves. Now it’s your choice to leave the plants to flower or not.
However, if you want to harvest coriander seeds from your plants then you can leave it to flower. Once the flower dries, you will be able to harvest seeds. Either you can use the harvested seeds to cook or save the seeds to plant for the next season.
Alternatively, you can allow the seeds directly to fall into the ground which can make self-sow, and provide you with more plants.
Bolting is a natural process of plants when they start to flower. While growing they start to bolt when they go through stress. The stress can come in different ways. It could be the following reasons.
- High temperature: Coriander needs a moderate temperature of around 20 degree Celsius. If the temperature is high beyond 36 degrees it may result in bolting. In case of high temperature provide the plants with shade to avoid this or you can keep the pots inside.
- Irregular watering: Make the soil contains moisture during the growing stages of plants. Keep watering the plants till water drains out of the drainage hole.
- Lack of nutrients: Use potting mix or composter to make the soil good enough with organic nutrients.
Pests and Diseases
Pests like Aphids and red spider mites might attack your plants. The most common aphids are greenfly or blackfly. They form clusters at the top of the plants and around new areas of growth.
You can avoid this pests and diseases attack by spraying Neem Oil.
Add 20 to 50 ml of neem oil to a liter of water and spray on the plants. Repeat the spray once or twice at a week interval if the infection is severe.
Tips for germinating Coriander seeds
- Always make sure to get good quality of coriander seeds to grow.
- Use the seeds which are meant for sowing purposes.
- Use fresh seeds
- Fertilizing soil is an added advantage.